When it comes to Huanglian, the first thing I think of is bitterness. But for the people of Shizhu County, Huanglian brings sweetness to their lives.
Shizhu County is the original production area of Coptis chinensis, and is known as the "Hometown of Coptis chinensis in China". Shizhu Coptis, China's national geographical indication product, also known as "Huangshui Coptis" because it is produced in the Yellow Water Forest Park.
About the origin of the name "Huanglian", there is such a story--
It is said that a long time ago, a village surnamed Tao lived in a village on the old mountain of Huangshuiba in Shizhu County. His wife had two males and two females. In a year of natural disasters, Tao's wife and two sons died of illness one after another. Due to their poor family, they were unable to support themselves. The third daughter also gave away, leaving only her daughter, and her father and daughter lived together. Dr. Tao hired a helper named Huang Lian to plant flowers and herbs for him. Huang Lian is kind and hardworking.
One spring, Tao Yaon went out on the hill. On the hillside, she suddenly found that the edge of a kind of wild grass had a needle-shaped sawtooth edge, and also opened a small umbrella-shaped flower, which was very beautiful! She pulled up the weeds and found that their roots had different shapes, so she excitedly took home and planted them in the garden.
Even when Huanglian watered the flowers and plants, he did not forget to give the wild grass a copy. Over time, the weeds grew more lush and green.
The following summer, Dr. Tao went out to treat the disease and did not return home for more than ten days. Who knew that Tao Yao was lying sick in bed during this time, anorectic and not drinking, she lost weight day by day, only skinny left. Several of Tao's friends in the same country worked hard to find a way, but failed to cure Tao Yao's disease.
Huang Lian thought, if the girl Tao planted wild grass with yellow-green flowers in the garden, could it be used for a try? So he uprooted the wild grass, washed it, and cooked the roots and leaves together. When he uncovered the pot, he saw that all the grass and soup in the pot turned yellow.
At this time, Huang Lian picked up the spoon and scooped up a bowl. She was about to send it to Tao Yaon. Suddenly she thought that if the soup was poisonous, wouldn’t it hurt her? It’s better to try it yourself. She drinks this soup. Huang Lian immediately drank it, feeling bitter.
After two hours, Huang Lian saw that he was still alive, and Fang Xin said that the wild grass was non-toxic, so he brought a bowl for Tao Yao to wear. It's strange to say that Tao Yaonv drank this wild grass soup, and the illness was just fine. She said to Huang Lian: "This is a good medicine, but it's too bitter." At this time, Huang Lian, who had been crushing Tao Yao's daughter for a long time, listened Afterward sadly said: "I waited for someone bitterly, but did not wait, maybe it is as bitter as my life!"
After Dr. Tao returned, he heard that Huang Lian cured her daughter's disease with a kind of wild grass, and asked her about her condition. She knew that her daughter suffered from severe gastrointestinal fever. And since it is this kind of wild grass that has cured her daughter's disease, it has a special effect on clearing away heat and detoxification. Later, Dr. Tao conducted several clinical experiments on this wild grass, and as it turned out, he regarded it as a blind Chinese herbal medicine.
In order to thank Huang Lian for saving his daughter's life with this wild grass, Dr. Tao named it "Huang Lian". Since then, Huang Lian's name has been published in the medicine book. At the same time, Dr. Tao thanked Huang Lian for his daughter's life-saving grace, so he gave his daughter Xu as his wife, formed a relationship, and achieved a beautiful "Huang Lian marriage".
Speaking of the planting of Huanglian in Shizhu County, it can be traced back to the year 742 of Tang Dynasty. At that time, there was a document that Shizhu "Shanggong Huanglian was ten catties". In the Yuan Dynasty, the stone pillars started artificial cultivation of Coptis chinensis, and archaeology proved that the production and processing technology of "shading the sunshade, digging the pit and kanglian" had been adopted. In the Ming Dynasty, the Shizhu Yellow Dam became the distribution center of Huanglian, and drug dealers in Huguang, Jiangxi and Jiangxi came in droves. In the early Qing dynasty, Shi Zhu recorded that Shi Zhu "has a wide range of medicinal flavors, especially Huanglian, and Jiake, which keeps coming and going." "Shizhu Hall Local Records" records: "Huanglian is a great advantage in the hall, serving yellow water, Shuanghekou, etc., one year of seeds, one year of sheds, and more than six or seven years of planting seedlings, the latter is better, and the stem height is several inches. , The leaves are made of thin prisms, shaped like coriander, and the head is divided into species. There are different types of chicken feet, Weilian, and golden hooks. Sex and Yalian are discouraged."
Huanglian is bitter, but its medicinal value is extremely high.
Coptis is a treasure all over the body——
Coptis chinensis tea, one cup a day, clears heat and detoxifies.
Huanglian honey, yellowish color, special flavor, slightly bitter in sweetness, sweet but not greasy, clearing away heat and detoxifying.